Phase diagrams of a classical two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet with single-ion anisotropy

Leidl, R., Selke, W.
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Technische Hochschule Aachen,
D-52056 Aachen, Germany


A classical variant of the two-dimensional anisotropic Heisenberg model reproducing inelastic neutron scattering experiments on La5 Ca9 Cu24 O41 [M. Matsuda et al., Phys. Rev. B 68, 060406(R) (2003)] is analysed using mostly Monte Carlo techniques. Phase diagrams with external fields parallel and perpendicular to the easy axis of the anisotropic interactions are determined, including antiferromagnetic and spin-flop phases. Mobile spinless defects, or holes, are found to form stripes which bunch, debunch and break up at a phase transition. A parallel field can lead to a spin-flop phase.